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This paper presents a fast algorithm for solving the all-nearest-neighbors problem. The algorithm uses a data parallel style of programming which can be efficiently utilized on a variety of parallel and vector architectures [4,21,26]. I have implemented the algorithm in C on one such architecture, the Cray Y-MP. On one Cray CPU, the implementation is about 19 times faster than a fast sequential algorithm running on a Sparc workstation.
The main idea in the algorithm is to divide the plane up into a fixed grid of cells, or buckets. When the points are well distributed, the algorithm processes each query point, q, by searching a small number of cells close to q. Bentley, WEide and Yao first presented this idea for conventional architectures , but the technique works equally well on parallel and vector machines, leading to a simple, efficient algorithm.
We can also use the cell technique to solve a wide variety of basic computational problems such as finding closest pairs, sorting and constructing Voronoi diagrams and Delaunay triangulations.
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Peter Su, "Concurrent Local Search for Fast Proximity Algorithms on Parallel and Vector Architectures." Dartmouth Computer Science Technical Report PCS-TR92-183, 1992.
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