Editorial Policy


Dates:
During the period under discussion, the day on which the New Year began (i.e. when the numbering of the year changed) was not the same throughout Europe. Depending on the calendar, the place and the chronicler, it could start on 25th December, 1st March,25th March (Lady Day) or Easter Day; the day-date was also 10 days behind Europe in England before1700, and 11 days behind after. It was not until 1752 that a consensus was reached across Western Europe, including England, of beginning the New Year on 1st January and adopting the Gregorian calendar that allowed for the extra quarter-day in the earth's rotation each year. All citations of years have therefore been standardized to new style, but the day-date will remain the same as in the original document.In cases where specific contemporary references are cited, the original date is given with the new-style date following it in square brackets.
Pitch:
References to pitch names are shown using the Helmholtz system, in which middle-c is expressed c': CC BB C B c b c' b' c" b" c'"
Illustrations:
Unless reproductions of original sources are at actual size, the percentage of reduction or enlargement from the original is stated.
Transcription of original text:
All text reproduced from original sources is given in italic type. Spelling, punctuation and capitalization are reproduced exactly as in the original, even where obvious errors have been made by the original scribe. The original order of the words is strictly followed at all times. As ascriptions in most of the manuscripts are placed in the margins, line-ends are not shown as is the usual practice with an oblique stroke. Use of this sign is reserved for text appearing on a different part of the page, e.g. at the beginning and end of a piece of music. Text deleted in the original source is shown enclosed by <>. Obsolete letter forms such as the yogh, thorn or es are expanded to their modern equivalents and italicized.Standard contractions are realized within square brackets and italicized. All editorial additions to transcribed text such as letters assumed to be intended but not indicated by a standard contraction words that have been removed by cropping are placed in square brackets and are in Roman type.
Ascriptions:
The exact complete ascription given in a source is reproduced wherever possible, with the exception of the word 'finis', which is considered to be an adjunct to the final double-bar, rather than part of the ascription itself. Where the text associated with the music is very lengthy (e.g. in the case of verses of songs following or underlying the music), only the incipit is given, followed by an ellipsis.
Folio/page numbers:
Any folio number is assumed to be recto unless followed by lower-case 'v', in which case the verso face is indicated. A folio or page number followed immediately by an oblique stroke is used when more than one piece of music appears on the relevant face. Thus 27v/3-28 = the third piece on the verso of folio 27, which continues to the recto of folio 28.
Exceptions
to the above practices are explained at the point where a new policy is employed, and are only relevant at that point.
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